Which country has the highest percentage of students living below the poverty line?
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By Andrew Cawthorne (Reuters) More than half of Zambians aged 15 to 24 are living below average incomes, a new report shows, highlighting the country’s worsening economic situation and the rising number of children living in poverty.
Zambia has the largest number of students in poverty, with almost half of the country aged between 15 and 24 living in households below the median annual income of $9,500 ($3,500 for a family of four).
More than one-third of students are classified as being in “extreme poverty”, which is defined as an annual income below $18,000.
Zimbabwe, a former British colony that became independent in 1980, has the most students in extreme poverty with more than 10% of students.
Zanzibar has the second highest rate, at 11%.
More than 1,400 students from 23 countries were surveyed by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) for the report.
More than a quarter of Zambias students are aged below the minimum wage of $1.50 per day.
The country’s economy is largely dependent on tourism, which has been hurt by the Ebola outbreak, but the country still has some of the highest unemployment rates in Africa.
The World Bank and the World Health Organization (WHO) say Zambia ranks third on the list of the 15 countries with the highest proportion of students on low incomes, behind the United States and China.
China has the fifth highest proportion, with 11.7% of its population living in extreme-poverty households.
The US is in 11th place, with 10.3%.
China has seen an increase in the number of Chinese students studying abroad since the mid-2000s, according to the UNDP.
Zambia has seen a decrease, with the number dropping from 6,000 in the 2000s to 1,300 in 2013.
Zumba, a popular youth club in the northern city of Nkando, has been a source of frustration for many students.
It is run by former miners and students, who say they are paid below the average wages for their work.
Zambias main exports are tea and coffee.
“When I came here, I was given a ticket to get to school.
I was told that if I was a student, I would be able to get free tea.
I did not want to go,” said Yigalana Ngozawa, a 22-year-old student who had just completed a PhD in economics.
When she got home, she realised that she was not entitled to the tea.
She had to return the ticket.
Zumbas main export is tea, and students say it has caused problems for the school.
Students say the tea is cheaper in the United Arab Emirates than in Zambia, and that the students are paid less than those in other countries.
Many students say they feel the school is too strict.
“The teachers are not really caring about the students.
We are supposed to study at the end of the day, but they don’t,” said 21-year old Zamba, who also goes by the stage name Yigalia.
Some students have taken to using the social media app Twitter to vent their frustrations, saying their parents are not helping them pay for school.
This year’s school year began on June 1, but students are still required to pay tuition fees in advance, and many are not doing so.
Unemployment is also a major problem in Zambias capital, Nkandla.
Last year, Zambia had the second-highest unemployment rate in the world, at 20%.
By Andrew Cawthorne (Reuters) More than half of Zambians aged 15 to 24 are living below average incomes, a new…
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